Who was Joan of Arc? Was she a hero, a saint, a witch, a martyr, a patriot, a mentally ill person or a visionary? Artists have depicted her in paintings, films, books, posters, sculptures. She is part of the Western imaginary as a woman who challenged traditions and stereotypes and changed the course of French history during her short life. Contradictory ideas about her illustrate the fact that Joan of Arc is one of the most paradoxical historical figures and a symbol of female heroism.